Bad breath has a negative influence on an individual social life. The person who has bad breath may not be aware of his/her condition because this person may have developed tolerance or olfactory disturbance. Due to this cause, the patient generally cannot identify his/her problem and it is identified by his/her partner, family member, or friends.
Human breath is composed of highly complex substances with numerous variable odors which can generate unacceptable situations like Halitosis. Halitosis is a Latin word derived from the halitus meaning “breathed air” and the “oasis” (pathologic alteration), and it is used to describe any bad or unpleasant odor originating from the mouth air and breath.
What could cause Halitosis?
Halitosis is generally caused by the formation of volatile substances which could develop from an oral or a non-oral source. These compounds are generally sulfur, aromatic or nitrogen-containing compounds.
How Halitosis originates from oral cavity?
Although halitosis has many causes, however, the major causes are from the oral cavity. For an individual oral, the temperature may reach up to 37-degree C (which could vary from 34 to 37 degree C) and during exhalation, humidity can reach up to 95%.
These conditions generally provide an ideal environment for bacterial growth which may, in turn, lead to the production of volatile compounds causing bad breath, therefore, in addition, if an individual does not maintain good oral hygiene than bacteria might multiply at a faster rate leading to chronic bad breath issues.
Bacteria are mainly retained in tongue coating, periodontal pockets. Bacteria generally degrade organic substances like sugars and produce volatile odorous compounds causing bad breath
Common oral causes of Halitosis:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Food impaction/ lodgement
- Tongue coating
- Gingivitis/ gum disease
- Non-cleaning the bridge body
- Extractions/healing wounds
- Dentition factors such as orthodontic fixed appliances
- Not regularly cleaning dentures, restorative crowns which are not well adapted
Other Non-oral causes of halitosis:
Respiratory problems, gastrointestinal diseases, hepatic issues, hematological or endocrine system problems, and some metabolic conditions could cause halitosis. Additionally, dietary products such as garlic, onions, Spiced foods cause transient unpleasant odor or halitosis. Use as alcohol, tobacco may create the same effect.
How to correct it?
- Self-care products
However, with the use of only these products direct treatment of halitosis, may not be possible; products such as chewing gum, mints, toothpaste, mouth rinses, and sprays may decrease the odor to decrease the bad breath with pleasant fragrances. Chewing gum may decrease halitosis, especially through increasing the salivary secretion. Mouth rinses containing chlorine dioxide and zinc salts generally have a considerable effect on masking halitosis, not allowing the volatilization of the unpleasant odor. Especially dietary caused halitosis such as onion, garlic, or cigarette can be masked by these approaches. Generally, professional advice is most to identify the correct cause of the problem.
- Professional treatment:
Halitosis can be treated if its cause can be detected properly. Therefore, you must visit your nearby Periodontist so that he/she can identify the cause by a detailed clinical examination. In the event of halitosis caused by oral reasons, reduction of the bacterial load is essential.
Appropriate periodontal management is the first step by a periodontist if required. An initial periodontal treatment includes Scaling & root planning which may alleviate the depth of the periodontal pockets and severity of inflammation of gums can help in eliminating halitosis-causing bacteria. During periodontal therapy, usage of antiseptic mouth wash relieves reduction of the bacterial load.
Good oral hygiene instruction is another important issue for oral caused halitosis. Proper brushing, dental floss, and inter-dental brush usage are very important. However, sometimes even if the periodontal health is perfect, tongue coating can be an important source of halitosis. The tongue dorsum can be a home for these bacteria, therefore, cleaning of tongue dorsum by brushing, tongue scraper or tongue cleaner is important.
Unsuitable prosthetics appliances and conservative fillings may retain food particles on their surface, therefore, uncleaning those areas create a reservoir area for bacteria. Due to which replacement or renewing of old fillings with proper fillings is necessary. Also existing of the cavity of decayed teeth, may also act as a reservoir area for bacteria, so treatments of these teeth with proper restoration are deemed important.
For More Information Visit
Address: Opp. Saini Farms, Sec-77, Sohana, Mohali
Contact Number: +91-6283654847